The information of the common dioecious plants


No.FamilySpecies Sex chromosome Sex determination
1 Liliaceae Asparagus officinalisHomomorphic, pair 5Dominant Y
2Smilax herbacea
3ChenopodiaceaeSpinacia oleracea Heteromorphic Dominant Y
4 Atriplex garrettii Heterogametic males
5 Cannabaceae Cannabis sativa Heteromorphic, Y: the largest chromosome Dominant Y
6 Humulus lupulus Heteromorphic X to autosome ratio
7 Humulus japonicus XY1Y2 X to autosome ratio
8 Humulus lupulus X1X2Y1Y2 X to autosome ratio
9 Caryophyllaceae Silene conoidea Heteromorphic, Y: the largest chromosome Dominant Y
10 Silene dioica Heteromorphic Dominant Y
11 Silene diclinis Heteromorphic Dominant Y, heterogametic males XX neoY1Y2
12 Silene otites Homomorphic Heterogametic females ZW
13 Silene colpophylla Homomorphic Heterogametic males XY
14 Polygonaceae Rumex acetosa XY1Y2 X to autosome ratio
15 Rumex nivalis
16 Rumex thyrsiflorus XY1Y2 X to autosome polymorphic system
17 Rumex rothschildianus XY1Y2 X to autosome polymorphic system
18 Rumex hastatulus XY X to autosome ratio
19 Actinidiaceae Actinidia chinensis
20 Actinida deliciosa Indistinguishable Dominant Y
21 Cucurbitaceae Coccinia indica Heteromorphic, Y: the largest chromosome Dominant Y
22 Ecballium elaterium Homomorphic Heterogametic males
23 Trivhosantnes Kirilouii Heteromorphic
24 Bryonia dioica Homomorphic Heterogametic males
25 Coccinia grandis Heteromorphic Dominant Y
26 Rosaceae Fragaria elatior Heteromorphic Heterogametic ZW females
27 Fragaria virginiana Heteromorphic Heterogametic ZW females
28 Dioscoreaceae Dioscorea tokoro Indistinguishable Dominant Y
29 Loranthaceae Viscum fischeri Heterogametic males
30 Euphorbiaceae Mercurialis annua Heterogametic males
31 Caricaceae Carica papaya Homomorphic Dominant Y
32 Ebenaceae Diospyros lotus Homomorphic Dominant Y
33 Ginkgoaceae Ginkgo biloba Heterogametic males
34 Vitaceae Vitis vinifera ssp. sylvestris Homomorphic Dominant Y
35 Salicaceae Salix viminalis Heterogametic females
36 Populus tremula Heterogametic males
37 Populus tomentosa
38 Populus trichocarpa Homomorphic Heterogametic XY males or ZW females?
39 Populus cathayana
40 Salix babylonica
41 Salix matsudana
42 Rhamnaceae Ventilago leiocarpa
43 Arecaceae Phoenix dactylifera
44 Trachycarpus fortunei
45 Lodoicea maldivica
46 Piperaceae Piper puberulum
47 Piper wallichii
48 Cornaceae Helwingia japonica
49 Marchantiaceae Marchantia polymorpha
50 Moraceae Morus alba
51 Broussonetia papyrifera
52 Ficus hispida
53 Taxaceae Torreya grandis
54 Taxus chinensis
55 Myricaceae Myrica rubra
56 Eucommiaceae Eucommia ulmoides
57 Anacardiaceae Pistacia vera
58 Pistacia chinensis
59 Cycadaceae Cycas revoluta
60 Cercidiphyllaceae Cercidiphyllum japonicum
61 Oleaceae Fraxinus mandshurica
62 Urticaceae Urtica dioica
63 Asteraceae Cirsium arvense
64 Ranunculaceae Thalictrum pubescens
65 Thalictrum dioicum
66 Compositae Antennaria dioica